List of rulers of the Pitcairn Islands

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Mayor of Pitcairn
Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg
Incumbent
Charlene Warren-Peu

since 1 January 2020
StyleMayor (domestically); His/Her Excellency (Abroad)
Member ofIsland Council
SeatAdamstown
AppointerGovernor of Pitcairn (de jure)
Popular vote (de facto)
Term length3 years; renewable
Formation7 December 1999
First holderFletcher Christian (Leader)
Steve Christian (Mayor)
DeputyDeputy Mayor
Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Pitcairn Islands

The Pitcairn Islands, a group of islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, are the last remaining British Overseas Territory in Oceania. Settled by mutineers from the Bounty in 1790, the island was effectively sovereign until 1898, when it was annexed by the United Kingdom and placed under the jurisdiction of the Governor of Fiji. When Fiji became independent in 1970, Pitcairn Island was placed under the authority of the British High Commissioner (ambassador) to New Zealand. In practice, partly due to its isolation, Pitcairn has effectively had internal self-government throughout this period. From 1790 to 1829, the local head of government was known simply as the Leader. They had a President from 1832 to 1838, and a Magistrate from that time until 1999, except for an eleven-year gap from 1893 to 1904, when the chief official was the President of the Council. In 1999, the Magistrate's non-judicial functions were transferred to the new office of Mayor.

Local heads of government (1790–present)[edit]

Pitcairn Islands
Name

(Birth–Death)

Title Portrait Tenure Notes Governor of Pitcairn Monarch
From Until
1 Fletcher Christian
(1764–1793)
Leader Fletcher Christian2.jpg 23 January 1790 3 October 1793 N/A N/A
2 Edward "Ned" Young
(1762–1800)
Leader No image.png 3 October 1793 25 December 1800
3 John "Jack" Adams
(1767–1829)
Leader John Adams (mutineer).jpg 25 December 1800 5 March 1829
Vacant[a] 5 March 1829 October 1832
4 Joshua Hill
(1773–1844?)
President No image.png October 1832 1838
5 Edward Quintal
(1800–1841)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1838 1839 Queen Victoria -Golden Jubilee -3a cropped.JPG

Victoria

6 Arthur Quintal I
(1795–1872)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1840 1841
7 Fletcher Christian II
(1812–1852)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1842 1842
8 Matthew McCoy
(1819–1853)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1843 1843 1st term
9 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1844 1844 1st term
10 Arthur Quintal II
(1816–1902)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1845 1846 1st term
11 Charles Christian II
(1818–1886)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1847 1847
12 George Adams
(1804–1873)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1848 1848
13 Simon Young
(1823–1893)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1849 1849
14 Arthur Quintal II
(1816–1902)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1850 1850 2nd term
15 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1851 1851 2nd term
16 Abraham Blatchly Quintal
(?–?)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1852 1852
17 Matthew McCoy
(1819–1853)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1853 1853 2nd term
18 Arthur Quintal II
(1816–1902)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1854 1854 3rd term
19 George Martin Frederick Young
(?–?)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1855 3 May 1856
Vacant due to relocation to Norfolk Island 1856 1864
20 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1864 1864 3rd term
21 Moses Young
(1829–1909)
Magistrate Moses Young.jpg 1865 1866 1st term
22 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1867 1867 4th term
23 Robert Pitcairn Buffett
(?–?)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1868 1868
24 Moses Young
(1829–1909)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1869 1869 2nd term
25 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1870 1872 1st term
26 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1873 1874 5th term
27 Moses Young
(1829–1909)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1875 1875 3rd term
28 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1876 1877 6th term
29 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1878 1879 2nd term
30 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1880 1880 7th term
31 Moses Young
(1829–1909)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1881 1881 4th term
32 Thursday October Christian II
(1820–1911)
Magistrate Thursday October Christian II.jpg 1882 1882 8th term
33 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1883 1883 3rd term
34 Benjamin Stanley Young
(1851–1934)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1884 1885 1st term
35 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1886 1889 4th term
36 Charles Carleton Vieder Young
(?–?)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1890 1891
37 Benjamin Stanley Young
(1851–1934)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1892 1892 2nd term
38 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
President of the Council Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1893 1896 5th term
39 William Alfred Young
(1863–1911)
President of the Council Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1897 1897 1st term
40 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
President of the Council Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1897 1903 6th term
Edward VII in coronation robes.jpg

Edward VII

41 William Alfred Young
(1863–1911)
President of the Council Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1904 1904 2nd term
42 James Russell McCoy
(1845–1924)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1905 1906 7th term
43 Arthur Herbert Young
(1873–1943)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1907 1907 1st term
44 William Alfred Young
(1863–1911)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1908 1908 3rd term
45 Matthew Edmond McCoy
(1868–1929)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1909 1909
46 Gerard Bromley Robert Christian
(1870–1919)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1910 1919
King George 1923 LCCN2014715558 (cropped).jpg

George V

47 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1920 1920 1st term
48 Frederick Martin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1921 1921 1st term
49 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1922 1922 2nd term
50 Edgar Allen Christian
(1879–1960)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1923 1924 1st term
51 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1925 1925 3rd term
52 Richard Edgar Christian
(1882–1940)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1926 1929 1st term
53 Arthur Herbert Young
(1873–1943)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1930 1931 2nd term
54 Edgar Allen Christian
(1879–1960)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1932 1932 2nd term
55 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1933 1934 4th term
56 Richard Edgar Christian
(1882–1940)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1935 1938 2nd term
HRH The Prince of Wales No 4 (HS85-10-36416).jpg

Edward VIII

King George VI LOC matpc.14736 (cleaned).jpg

George VI

57 Arthur Herbert Young
(1873–1943)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1939 1939 3rd term
58 Richard Edgar Christian
(1882–1940)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1940 1940 3rd term
59 Andrew Clarence David Young
(?–?)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1940 1940
60 Arthur Herbert Young
(1873–1943)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1941 1941 4th term
61 Frederick Martin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1942 1943 2nd term
62 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1944 1945 5th term
63 Norris Henry Young
(1887–1974)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1945 1948
64 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1949 1949 6th term
65 Warren Clive Christian
(1914–2003)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg 1950 1951 1st term
66 John Lorenzo Christian
(1895–1984)
Magistrate Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg 1952 1954 1st term
Queen Elizabeth II in March 2015.jpg

Elizabeth II

67 Charles Richard Parkin Christian
(1883–1971)
Magistrate Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg 1955 1957 7th term
68 Warren Clive Christian
(1914–2003)
Magistrate Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg 1958 1959 2nd term
69 John Lorenzo Christian
(1895–1984)
Magistrate Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg 1959 1966 2nd term
70 Pervis Ferris Young
(1928–2003)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1967 December 1975
Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Sir Arthur Norman Galsworthy

(October 1970 – January 1973)

Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Sir David Aubrey Scott

(January 1973 – 1975)

71 Ivan Christian
(1919–1991)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg December 1975 December 1984 Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Sir Harold Smedley

(February 1976 – 1980)

Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Richard Stratton

(September 1980 – 1984)

72 Brian Young
(1954–)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg December 1984 1 January 1991 Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Terence Daniel O'Leary

(July 1984 – 1987)

Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Robin Byatt

(December 1987 – 1990)

Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

David Moss

(September 1990 – 1994)

73 Jay Warren
(1956–)
Magistrate Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1 January 1991 7 December 1999 1st term
Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Robert John Alston

(August 1994 – 10 February 1998)

Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Martin Williams

(April 1998 – 2001)

74 Steve Christian
(1951–)
Mayor Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 7 December 1999 8 November 2004 [b]
Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Richard Fell

(10 December 2001 – April 2006)

75 Brenda Christian
(1953–)
Acting Mayor Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 8 November 2004 15 December 2004
76 Jay Warren
(1956–)
Mayor Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1 January 2005 31 December 2007 2nd term

George Fergusson

(2 May 2006 – 18 May 2010)

77 Mike Warren
(1964–)
Mayor Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1 January 2008 31 December 2013
Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Mike Cherrett

(19 May 2010 – 3 June 2010)

Victoria "Vicki" Treadell

(3 June 2010 – July 2014)

78 Shawn Christian
(1975–)
Mayor Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1 January 2014 31 December 2019

Jonathan Sinclair

(15 August 2014 – 9 December 2017)

Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg

Robin Shackell

(9 December 2017 – January 2018)

Laura Clarke

(January 2018 – Present)

79 Charlene Warren-Peu
(1979–)
Mayor Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1 January 2020 Present
Sources: Pitcairn Island Civil Recorder (1864–1964)[1]
  1. ^ The death of John Adams led to a constitutional crisis. An important leader was Thursday October Christian, the first son of Fletcher Christian and the first child born on the island. In the ensuing period, the islanders tried to relocate to Tahiti, until the arrival of Joshua Hill.
  2. ^ Dismissed from office by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office following his four rape convictions.

Colonial governors (1898–present)[edit]

See separate articles:

See also[edit]

References[edit]